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Jak přimět teenagery k činnosti

Termín:19.4.2012 (9:00-12:00)
Místo konání:Dům dětí a mládeže Olomouc - velký sál
Anotace:Předání zkušeností z práce s teenagery v oblasti (nejen) mediální výchovy. Postup k všeobecnému rozhledu v rámci pravidelné činnosti (kroužky a další systematické akce) i nepravidelné (vzdělávací zábavy, soutěže). Jak přimět, aby si žáci své vědomosti v praxi ověřili a získali nové. Určeno jako inspirace těm, kteří pro svou zálibu chtějí získat následovníky.

It’s all in the flag: Bussa’s Rebellion and the two hundred-year combat to stop British rule in Barbados

Lewis Eliot does no longer work for, consult, own shares in or receive investment from any organization or enterprise that would advantage from this text, and has disclosed no applicable affiliations past their instructional appointment.
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With an awful lot fanfare, Barbados formally have become a republic, installing Dame Sandra Mason as the first president of the island kingdom on Nov. 30 2021. Prince Charles, as a consultant of Queen Elizabeth II, was in attendance, providing a royal seal of approval. Barbados gained its independence in 1966, though the new state saved ties to its former overlords by means of keeping Elizabeth II as a symbolic head of country.
To many Bajans (inhabitants of Barbados), the flow to republicanism represents an important try by means of the nation to, in the phrases of adolescents activist and founder of the Barbados Muslim Association, Firhaana Bulbania, cast off “the intellectual chains that hold to persist in our mindsets.”
The ancestors of most Bajans lived in literal chains. The first English colonizers arrived in Barbados in 1625 and began importing massive numbers of enslaved Africans to work at the island’s sugar plantations from the 1630s. Their war to sever colonial ties with the British has been happening for nearly four hundred years.
The Bajan independence movement lines its roots to Bussa’s Rebellion, an enslaved rebel that befell in 1816. That riot erupted on April 14, Easter Monday, when an enslaved motive force named Bussa led an military of insurgents towards the British colonial armed forces and garrison, burning cane fields and destroying assets for nearly two weeks earlier than the colonial governor, James Leith, managed to repair order.
By the time the preventing had died down, Bussa’s squaddies had destroyed over one-fifth of the island’s cane fields and brought about over £a hundred and seventy,000 in belongings damage, about US$thirteen million in nowadays’s shopping for energy.
But they did now not be triumphant. That took every other 150 years, and doing away with the monarchy simplest happened this year.
The stately activities of Nov. 30, 2021, had been the culmination of a movement that started out as a violent riot towards the representatives of a political regime and financial system primarily based on enslavement.
Very little is known about Bussa past his being named because the navy leader of the 1816 rebellion in survivors’ stories and that he turned into stated to have died during the combating. A driving force named Bussa changed into enslaved on Bayley’s Plantation in southeastern Barbados at the time. A “motive force” changed into selected from some of the enslaved and acted essentially as an overseer. As such, Bussa had access to limitless enslaved women and men on surrounding plantations.
Most of what is known approximately Bussa’s Rebellion comes from testimony from surviving rebels, reviews from the Colonial Office and the memories of Protestant missionaries present in Barbados on the time. These assets element a acquainted story of enslaved needs for emancipation and also a rebel inspired by way of rumors of the Haitian Revolution of 1791.
Bussa organized his rebels with an excellent diploma of militarization, together with the usage of conflict flags to coordinate attacks. Imperial soldiers observed severa banners and standards in their ransacking of enslaved dwellings. Edward Codd, commander of the island garrison, even recalled one which presented “a impolite drawing that served to enflame the Passions, by means of representing the Union of a Black Man with a White Female.” Yet an awful lot of Bussa’s tale is instructed in any other flag, one that survived the rise up in 1816.
The only surviving instance of any of those flags, made by an enslaved riot named Johnny Cooper, gives a entire rationalization of Black attitudes closer to emancipation, the actions enslaved Africans were inclined to take to ensure their freedom, and maximum pertinently, what they expected that freedom to appear like.
For instance, Bussa’s rebels believed they had royal and divine approval. The flag makes this evident with the aid of providing King George III waving a banner putting forward “Royal endeavour and forever,” a word that would have been interpreted as assist for the rebels.
Behind the king, Britannia herself sits on a British lion, commenting that she is “usually satisfied to lead any such sons as endeavourance.” The enslaved revolutionaries similarly believed that “GOD continually saves endeavour.” Bussa’s rebels clearly believed that the British monarchy understood and have been sympathetic to their plight.
The presence of a Black girl at the flag along muskets and hatchets suggests that the struggle in opposition to slavery changed into both a violent and regularly occurring one. The lady depicted is probably the likeness of a literate enslaved home servant named Nanny Grigg. Grigg become instrumental in planning Bussa’s Rebellion and become assigned the venture of stealing newspapers from the plantation big house and reading them to Bussa and his lieutenants.
But maximum strikingly, this flag famous what Bussa’s rebels predicted their emancipation to appear to be. The Black guy in the middle of the banner has a larger crown than George III. This is possibly a depiction of a loose Black guy named Washington Francklin, who the rebels had singled out because the submit-emancipation leader of Barbados.
This is similarly underlined by using the Royal Navy vessel exiting the scene eastward, returned to Britain. In different phrases, Bussa and his fans predicted emancipation to include entire independence from imperial rule and the blessing of the British monarch.
This flag explains that in 1816, Bajans of African descent was hoping for what became finally fulfilled on Nov. 30 2021.
Since independence from Britain in 1966, Bajans have wrestled with the question in their royal, distant head of state.
In 1979, the Bajan government published the report of the Cox Constitution Review Commission that concluded that a constitutional monarchy remained the favored shape of government.
Subsequent governments examined the opportunity of republicanism in 2008 and 2015. Yet nothing came of those studies. It was the worldwide reckoning with institutional racism from the summer time of 2020 that stimulated this constitutional shift.
Bussa’s coherent and modern imaginative and prescient for Bajans of African descent from over two hundred years ago serves as a lesson on patience for the ones combating for their rights. It is likewise a effective reminder of a centuries-lengthy history of Black struggles against institutional white supremacy and the approaches they maintain to resonate.
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