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Řešení obtížných životních situací v pohádkách

Termín:21.3.2013 (12:15 -15:15)
Místo konání:Dům dětí a mládeže Olomouc - velký sál
Anotace:Obrazy pohádek bezprostředně promlouvají k imaginativnímu myšlení člověka. Jsou praobrazy životních situací, prožívaných na psychické úrovni. Postavy pohádek jsou ztělesněním jednotlivých duševních kvalit a zároveň vytvářejí svou interakcí v jednotlivých pohádkách ucelený děj vypovídající o významné události v lidském příběhu.

‘Southern hospitality’ doesn’t always apply to Black human beings, as discovered inside the killing of Ahmaud Arbery

Barbara Harris Combs has obtained investment from UNCF/Mellon and the James Weldon Johnson Institute for the Study of Race and Difference at Emory University.
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The idea of network and who belongs and who does not was a not unusual subject in the Jan. 7, 2022, sentencing hearing of three white guys convicted of killing Ahmaud Arbery.
“They chose to goal my son due to the fact they didn’t want him of their network,” stated Arbery’s mom, Wanda Cooper-Jones, at some point of the listening to. “When they couldn’t sufficiently scare him or intimidate him, they killed him.”
Arbery turned into the 25-yr-old unarmed Black guy who became shot to death on Feb. 23, 2020, while strolling thru a predominantly white, center-elegance neighborhood in Brunswick, Georgia. Race went largely unspoken at some point of the trial, however the concept of belonging became actually drawn in black and white.
As a professor of sociology and criminal justice at Clark and Atlanta University, I even have witnessed and studied perfunctory Southern approaches which are regularly referred to as Southern “gentility” and Southern “hospitality.” These “Southern” ways of understanding and being get presented as niceties, but they regularly serve to preserve the racial order of the beyond.
On their face, these commonplace rituals – like waving to friends and strangers – logo the Southerner as gentler and kinder than others, in the direction of God, and possibly even greater patriotic. As practice, the movements tie human beings now not handiest to the land, however to a lifestyle.
That subculture appears innocuous, innocent and friendly – but it isn't. And the loss of life of Ahmaud Arbery is a powerful example of how that gentility can camouflage lethal discrimination.
In a country nonetheless reeling from the murder of George Floyd and different violent attacks on humans of coloration, many breathed a temporary sigh of remedy after Greg McMichael and his son Travis have been sentenced to existence in prison without the opportunity of parole for Arbery’s homicide.
McMichaels’ neighbor William “Roddie” Bryan turned into given lifestyles in prison with the risk of parole. He had filmed the cellular telephone video as Arbery fell useless in the street. A jury convicted the three in November of remaining 12 months.
Before sentencing, Judge Timothy Walmsley paused for a minute of silence, which he later explained represented a fragment of the five mins Arbery spent walking from the three white men who chased him in pickup vans on that Sunday afternoon.
“At a minimum,” Walmsley said, “Ahmaud Arbery’s death need to pressure us to take into account increasing our definition of what a neighbor can be and the way we treat them. I argue that perhaps a neighbor is more than the people who just personal property round your property. …”
In a feel, Walmsley was asking the ones assembled in the courtroom and looking on tv to position themselves in Arbery’s strolling footwear and imagine the sheer shock of discovering that Southern hospitality had a violent reality.
Terms typically used among Southerners can likewise imply the alternative of how they sound.
Consider the “bless your coronary heart” that is meant as anything but a blessing, and, in fact, is used as a heavy dose of sarcasm. Or the respectful and deferential, “Yes, ma’am,” “No, sir,” or different courtesy titles usually given to whites and withheld from Blacks, regardless of their age. W.E.B. Du Bois cited this ultimate practice as “the general public and psychological wage of whiteness.” Du Bois was suggesting that even among low-wage white earners, the racial identity of whiteness paid dividends that humans of colour could not gather.
Simple Southern practices like waving to strangers are steeped with double meanings that work to keep a de facto segregation.
Consider: There is an expected action-interaction order gift within the deed of speakme or in any other case gesturing to strangers. The salutation itself is a performance of belonging in the space. A precise response is predicted. It can be a nod of the pinnacle, tip of the hat, raised hand or a simple hey. The habitual says, “I recognise the rules of engagement right here, and I accept them. You need me to make you experience comfortable with my presence here, and I am inclined to do this.”
Arbery did not have interaction the men or play the game of deference.
In “How Ingrained Racism Became Invisible,” I give an explanation for how area and where humans belong and with whom is a part of an often unstated broader U.S. racial structure that positions whites on top and Blacks on the lowest.
In my larger frame of studies
I argue that despite advances through racial and ethnic minorities and other deprived groups, vestiges of this American Jim Crow belief system nonetheless function in society. This racial ideology may be greater pronounced in some elements of the nation, just like the U.S. South, but my research suggests that this racial order is present above, below and throughout the Mason-Dixon Line.
Kara Cebulko, a sociology and worldwide studies student, explains how racial privilege lets in whites and those who pass as white to “navigate public space with out being stopped, puzzled, arrested, detained and/or deported.”
That truely turned into no longer the case with Arbery, who become Black and couldn’t claim that privilege.
At sentencing, defense suggest endured to strain that the defendants had excellent intentions and really wanted to aid their community. In this telling of the story, the defendants were represented as correct pals – hardworking people just searching out for one another. It turned into painted as the Southern manner, and they were sincerely engaged in Southern hospitality.
But within the magazine Study the South, Betsie Garner writes that Southern hospitality uses language and practices whose actual motive is “to exclude minorities and keep their marginalized repute in the network.”
“The politics of belonging in southern groups continues to be decided in huge part by the exercise of southern hospitality,” Garner says.
If the McMichaels’ and Bryan’s moves that day were to help their community, that network did not include Arbery.
Before his son, Travis, fired the pictures that killed Arbery, defendant Greg McMichael advised 911 dispatch the purpose for his name: “I’m out right here at Satilla Shores. There’s a Black male running down the street.”
During pass-examination through the prosecutor at their trial, defendant Travis McMichael explained, “I wouldn’t say [I] ordered [Arbery to stop running], I was asking him … [in order to] keep the situation calm.” But quickly after the homicide, the senior McMichael advised police, “We had him trapped like a rat.”
Travis McMichael argued he felt threatened by way of Arbery and feared for his own life till he pulled out his shotgun and shot him.
Ahmaud Arbery’s sister didn’t mince words whilst she stated she believed race – no longer self-protection – performed a position in her brother’s taking pictures.
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“Ahmaud had darkish pores and skin that glistened inside the daylight like gold. He had thick, coily hair and he could regularly like to curl it,” Jasmine Arbery said at the sentencing hearing. “He was tall, with an athletic construct. These are the traits that made those men anticipate that Ahmaud changed into a dangerous crook.”
By all bills, Arbery changed into now not a dangerous crook. But in the eyes of three white vigilantes, Arbery became sincerely no longer their neighbor.

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