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Základ techniky dřevořezby a práce s modelovacím včelím voskem a ovčím rounem ve waldorfské škole (2 účasti)

Termín:2.4.2012 (7:45 – 14:00)
Místo konání:Waldorfská základní škola a mateřská škola Olomouc
Anotace:Základ techniky dřevořezby a práce s modelovacím včelím voskem a ovčím rounem ve waldorfské škole - proč je důležité zapojovat ruce, cítit v rukou tvrdé dřevo, tvárný vosk či měkkou ovčí vlnu? Jak tyto činnosti rozvíjejí myšlení a kreativitu dětí? To vše se dozvíte ve Waldorfské škole v Olomouci.

Modern-day way of life wars are gambling out on historical excursions of slaveholding plantations

Kelley Fanto Deetz works at Stratford Hall.
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Located on nearly 2,000 acres alongside the banks of the Potomac River, Stratford Hall Plantation is the birthplace of Confederate Gen. Robert E. Lee and the house of four generations of the Lee family, along with signers of the Declaration of Independence, Richard Henry Lee and Francis Lightfoot Lee.
It become additionally the home of loads of enslaved Africans and African Americans. From sunup to sunset, they labored in the fields and inside the Great House. Until pretty these days, the stories of these enslaved Africans and of their brothers and sisters toiling at plantations across the Southern U.S. have been absent from any discussions at some stage in present day-day excursions of plantations together with Stratford Hall.
Even now, with new excursions and an exhibition highlighting enslaved Africans and African Americans who lived at Stratford Hall, discussions in the course of plantation tours amongst site visitors can regularly become visceral debates over whose records ought to be told or unnoticed.
These tensions are a part of an ever-developing paintings of criticism directed at sites that retain to miss the history of the enslaved network. Of the six hundred plantations scattered all through the South, best one, the Whitney Plantation in Louisiana, focuses completely at the reviews of the enslaved.
As a public historian and the director of collections and traveller engagement at Stratford Hall, I can attest that visitors have massively different expectations when they visit this historic landmark. Their questions replicate their personal interpretations, curiosities and political biases, regularly to the detriment of acquiring a richer training on each aspect of plantation existence – the best, the horrific and the ugly.
Museum professionals at plantations pay attention all of it and ought to stability viewpoints which are diametrically opposed to one another, inclusive of the romanticized notion of antebellum gentility and the steady worry of terror and violence of the enslaved. Visitors’ expectations often collide with fact, growing aggravating moments on excursions. Some site visitors want answers and memories that sit quite simply with their thoughts of slavery and of America as a whole.
“Were the Lees suitable slave proprietors?” is a common query.
Many visitors touch upon how the slaves have been dealt with like circle of relatives, or how their housing doesn’t seem that terrible. Some might alternatively pass the complete slavery factor altogether and just simply learn about the decorative arts and the regularly high-priced lives of the white families who lived there.
But history isn't always snug. Though he lived at Stratford Hall most effective in the course of his early years, Robert E. Lee became a slave owner in his own proper. The majority of the almost two hundred enslaved human beings Gen. Lee owned had been inherited after his father-in-law, George Washington Parke Custis, died in 1857.
For every question about the kindness of the enslavers are others looking for specified descriptions of abuse and terror.
“How plenty abuse came about here?” is one such question.
The answer is clear about the innate inhumanity of slavery. Abuse ran rampant, the whole thing from rape and dismemberment to setting apart families. Enslaved humans lived in regular fear. Violence changed into always a danger, in a single form or any other.
These questions plague many historic websites. Museum professionals are then saddled with spending more time explaining the shortage of precise evidence of abuse on their site – or examples of their information – and spending less time talking approximately the methods enslaved men, girls and kids used their culture and network to persevere in a system constructed on violence and terror.
Violence was not all enslaved humans experienced on plantations. Questions that recognition closely on the treatment of the enslaved – and no longer the people themselves – erase their humanity and forget about their organisation.
It also reduces their complete lifestyles right into a byproduct of white behavior and, worse, diminishes their cultures and their contributions to both the site and the country as a whole.
Tour courses are pivotal in offering richer, extra inclusive academic reviews. Yet we often undergo private assaults and offensive statement. Historical interpreter Dontavius Williams works around the country at plantation websites, and, no matter his authoritative understanding, Williams, 38, has told me and others inside the area that he has been known as “boy” on numerous activities.
Many African American interpreters also must address statements about how slavery changed into true for their ancestors.
The visitors’ role is to examine from the group of workers and have interaction in ways that generate optimistic conversations. Facilitators like Williams are skilled in encouraging such talks, irrespective of the traffic’ preconceived notions, political agendas or constant notions approximately slavery and different affirmation biases.
What brings a greater nuanced and balanced excursion are questions on who made the fixtures, who cooked the meals, what people ate, how enslaved human beings persevered regardless of enslavement or which West African traditions survived within the Colonies.
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This inclusion does no longer equate to exclusion. Visitors can learn of the white family, the ornamental arts – and the enslaved community.
Historic websites aren't Disneyland, U.S. records is not myth and plantations are inherently uncomfortable locations. If vacationers ask the deeper, greater nuanced questions, they'll get solutions that task preconceived thoughts and render a greater entire expertise of our nation’s history.

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