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Vedení žáků k samostatnému myšlení - co udělat, než vyjdou žákovské noviny, sbírky poezie, sborníky vlastní tvorby apod.

Termín:19.4.2012 (12:15 -15:15)
Místo konání:Dům dětí a mládeže Olomouc - velký sál
Anotace:Jak navést žáka ZŠ k základní orientaci v někdy téměř neprůhledných mediálních nabídkách. Jak podpořit schopnost samostatné činnosti žáků zapojením do mediální komunikace, což je jedna z podmínek socializace jedince, inspiruje k přemýšlení o světě, vlastním životě. Pro všechny, kdo povedou žáky k samostatnému myšlení a svobodnému vyjadřování.
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I’m a Black girl and the metaverse scares me – here’s the way to make the subsequent new release of the net inclusive

Breigha Adeyemo does no longer paintings for, consult, very own stocks in or acquire funding from any business enterprise or employer that could gain from this article, and has disclosed no applicable affiliations past their academic appointment.
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Marginalized people frequently go through the most harm from unintentional outcomes of new technology. For instance, the algorithms that robotically make choices approximately who receives to peer what content or how snap shots are interpreted suffer from racial and gender biases. People who have multiple marginalized identities, along with being Black and disabled, are even extra at risk than those with a single marginalized identification.
This is why when Mark Zuckerberg laid out his vision for the metaverse – a community of virtual environments wherein many humans can engage with one another and virtual items – and stated that it'll touch each product the corporation builds, I changed into scared. As a researcher who research the intersections of race, generation and democracy – and as a Black woman – I agree with it is vital to carefully remember the values which might be being encoded into this next-technology internet.
Problems are already surfacing. Avatars, the graphical personas people can create or buy to represent themselves in digital environments, are being priced in a different way primarily based on the perceived race of the avatar, and racist and sexist harassment is cropping up in these days’s pre-metaverse immersive environments.
Ensuring that this next iteration of the net is inclusive and works for anybody would require that human beings from marginalized communities take the lead in shaping it. It will also require regulation with teeth to hold Big Tech responsible to the public hobby. Without these, the metaverse dangers inheriting the problems of these days’s social media, if no longer becoming some thing worse.
Utopian visions within the early days of the net commonly held that lifestyles on line might be notably extraordinary from lifestyles within the bodily international. For example, humans expected the internet as a way to break out components in their identity, inclusive of race, gender and sophistication differences. In reality, the internet is far from raceless.
While techno-utopias talk desired visions of the destiny, the fact of latest technologies frequently doesn’t live up to these visions. In fact, the net has added novel varieties of damage to society, including the automated dissemination of propaganda on social media and bias in the algorithms that form your on line experience.
Zuckerberg described the metaverse as a more immersive, embodied net so as to “free up a variety of splendid new reports.” This is a vision not just of a destiny net, however of a destiny manner of life. However off track this vision is probably, the metaverse is probably – like earlier variations of the internet and social media – to have large results so that it will transform how human beings socialize, travel, study, paintings and play.
The query is, will those consequences be the same for every body? History indicates the answer is no.
Widely used technologies frequently expect white male identities and our bodies as the default. MIT computer scientist Joy Buolomwini has proven that facial recognition software program plays worse on girls or even more so on ladies with darker faces. Other research have borne this out.
Whiteness is embedded as a default in these technology, even inside the absence of race as a category for gadget gaining knowledge of algorithms. Unfortunately, racism and technology regularly move hand in hand. Black woman politicians and reporters were disproportionately targeted with abusive or complex tweets, and Black and Latino electorate have been focused in on line misinformation campaigns in the course of the 2020 election cycle.
This historic relationship between race and generation leaves me involved about the metaverse. If the metaverse is supposed to be an embodied model of the internet, as Zuckerberg has defined it, then does that suggest that already marginalized humans will experience new forms of damage?
The widespread courting among generation and racism is best a part of the story. Meta has a bad dating with Black users on its Facebook platform, and with Black women particularly.
In 2016, ProPublica journalists determined that advertisers on Facebook’s advertising portal could exclude companies of folks who see their advertisements primarily based at the users’ race, or what Facebook called an “ethnic affinity.” This choice acquired a variety of pushback because Facebook does no longer ask its users their race, which intended that customers were being assigned an “ethnic affinity” based on their engagement at the platform, together with which pages and posts they preferred.
In different phrases, Facebook become basically racially profiling its customers based totally on what they do and prefer on its platform, developing the possibility for advertisers to discriminate against people based on their race. Facebook has considering updated its advert targeting classes to no longer include “ethnic affinities.”
However, advertisers are nonetheless able to goal humans based on their presumed race through race proxies, which use combos of customers’ hobbies to infer races. For instance, if an advertiser sees from Facebook statistics which you have expressed an hobby in African American tradition and the BET Awards, it may infer which you are Black and target you with ads for products it desires to market to Black people.
Worse, Facebook has often eliminated Black ladies’s remarks that speak out in opposition to racism and sexism. Ironically, Black girls’s remarks about racism and sexism are being censored – colloquially referred to as getting zucked – for ostensibly violating Facebook’s rules against hate speech. This is part of a larger trend inside online structures of Black girls being punished for voicing their concerns and annoying justice in digital spaces.
According to a latest Washington Post document, Facebook knew its algorithm turned into disproportionately harming Black customers, but chose to do not anything.
In an interview with Vishal Shah, Meta’s vp of metaverse, National Public Radio host Audie Cornish requested: “If you can’t cope with the feedback on Instagram, how are you going to cope with the T-blouse that has hate speech on it inside the metaverse? How can you handle the detest rally that might happen inside the metaverse?” Similarly, if Black human beings are punished for speakme out towards racism and sexism on-line, then how can they accomplish that in the metaverse?
Ensuring that the metaverse is inclusive and promotes democratic values in preference to threatens democracy requires layout justice and social media law.
Design justice is putting individuals who do not hold strength in society on the middle of the layout procedure to avoid perpetuating existing inequalities. It also way starting with a attention of values and standards to guide design.
Federal legal guidelines have shielded social media businesses from legal responsibility for customers’ posts and moves on their systems. This method they have the right however no longer the duty to police their sites. Regulating Big Tech is vital for confronting the issues of social media these days, and at the least as crucial earlier than they build and control the subsequent generation of the net.
I am now not in opposition to the metaverse. I am for a democratically responsible metaverse. For that to happen, though, I assert there want to be higher regulatory frameworks in vicinity for internet organizations and greater just layout strategies in order that technology doesn’t hold to correlate with racism.
As it stands, the blessings of the metaverse don’t outweigh its prices for me. But it doesn’t must stay that manner.
[Like what you’ve study? Want more? Sign up for The Conversation’s each day publication.]

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Lektor:Mgr. Eva Bělohlavá

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