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Termín:13.10.2012 - 14.10.2012 (sobota - 9.00-12.00, 14.00-17.00, neděle - 9.00-12.00)
Místo konání:Sluňákov - víkendové aktivity a letní škola
Anotace:Spojení řečových dovedností s jednáním a neverbálním chováním odbourává komunikační bloky u všech věkových kategorií studentů a rozvíjí spontaneitu a sebedůvěru při komunikaci v cizím jazyce. Seminář probíhá zážitkovou formou. Je zaměřen na tzv. warm-up aktivity, využití komunikativních her a na tvorbu příběhů a jejich dramapedagogické zpracování.

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Rifts among older moms and their grownup youngsters normally bear – even thru divorce, infection and loss of life

This challenge was supported by using grants from the National Institute on Aging (RO1
AG18869-01 and 2RO1 AG18869-04; J. Jill Suitor and Karl Pillemer, Co-Principal Investigators).

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At the start of every new yr, people frequently make resolutions to alternate components of their lives that they discover unwanted. For some, these promises to themselves may additionally contain trying to mend damaged family relationships.
Well-that means buddies and circle of relatives participants can also encourage estranged older mother and father or grownup youngsters to reconnect with each other as properly.
I examine own family estrangement, and particularly estrangement between mothers and grownup kids. Along with my colleagues Jill Suitor of Purdue University and Karl Pillemer of Cornell University, I even have discovered that rifts between older parents and their adult kids are exceptionally commonplace. In 2015 research that we co-authored, we tested older moms and determined that 1 in 10 skilled estrangement with as a minimum considered one of their grownup children. This become one of the first systematic research of intergenerational estrangement.
In our maximum recent studies, posted in September 2021, we followed these households throughout seven years. Our aim became to higher understand how major lifestyles activities, along with divorces, illnesses and deaths inside the circle of relatives, had affected estrangement between older moms and their person children over time.
In particular, we questioned if important and doubtlessly lifestyles-changing experiences would make contributions to both rifts and reconciliation among older mothers and their adult children.
For our 2015 examine, we used facts from Purdue University’s Within-Family Differences Study, a research undertaking to analyze greater about relationships among mother and father and their person kids over the years and how those connections component into both generations’ well-being.
In 2015 we interviewed over 550 mothers who were of their past due 60s and early 70s. They usually lived with their husbands in their very own houses and have been typically in appropriate fitness. Sixty-four of those older mothers mentioned being estranged from at the least one in all their grownup youngsters.
In our 2021 observe, we followed those same families across seven years to study patterns of estrangement throughout time. The moms had been by using then in their late 70s and 80s. Over the previous seven years, maximum had skilled fundamental life transitions, which includes extreme health events and the death in their spouse. Their middle-aged person children had also skilled critical life activities throughout those years, together with process loss or marital transitions like separation, divorce and remarriage.
Consistent with our earlier research, we taken into consideration the older mothers’ reports on how often they contacted or have been contacted by every of their adult kids, and the level of emotional closeness they felt in the ones relationships. This definition of estrangement attracts strongly on the idea of emotional cutoff superior with the aid of Murray Bowen, founder of circle of relatives structures remedy: that own family contributors intentionally distance themselves from each other both physically and emotionally as a manner to cope with unresolved troubles.
We predicted that the principal life transitions would factor into the approaches of estrangement throughout time. However, our analyses discovered that those life changes did not result in abrupt motion in or out of estrangement throughout the seven-12 months c language on the grounds that our earlier study.
Instead, mothers regularly articulated that the overall dynamics in their relationships with estranged youngsters had continued for several years and in many instances for many years. Also, our findings indicated that reconciliation might not be a favored final results for older mothers or adult youngsters. None of the mothers defined actual reconciliation with their estranged grownup youngsters across the seven-year period.
Often, moms described remaining dissatisfied through occasions from their children’s early maturity, along with marital, schooling and profession selections. It appeared that the ones tensions wore at the relationships between the moms and their kids for years.
Some researchers in this field have defined estrangement as the entire termination of touch. However, many of the mothers in our take a look at did have contact with estranged grownup youngsters at some point of the seven-year period. They often described contact that turned into abnormal, anxious and now and again undesirable.
For example, on occasion mothers pronounced receiving a greeting card from an estranged toddler on a specific vacation, despite the fact that they'd no longer spoken to that toddler in numerous years.
Some moms described calling estranged adult children but not being capable of have interaction in significant conversation, due to the fact the kids might frequently hang up as soon as they heard their mother’s voice.
Most of the moms in our study were no longer capable of provide contact data for estranged person youngsters.
When mothers have become widowed, estranged adult kids occasionally back domestic to wait their father’s funeral services. However, those interactions have been regularly fraught. For instance, a few mothers defined being inside the same room with estranged adult kids however now not speakme to them.
Mothers’ main health occasions additionally not often led to reconciliation with estranged person youngsters. Instead, mothers frequently described searching for assist from other grownup kids inside the own family with whom that they had a history of high-quality help exchanges.
Overall, our findings counseled a pretty high degree of balance in intergenerational estrangement in later-existence families. That stated, it's miles critical to observe that our research to this point considers only the attitude of the older mothers. More research is needed to higher apprehend intergenerational estrangement from the attitude of adult kids and could ideally encompass the viewpoints of those on both aspects of a family rift.
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Lektoři:PhDr. Tamara Bučková, Ph.D.
PeadDr. Jana Folprechtová, CSc.


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